Lemma 30.3.2. Let $X$ be a scheme. Assume that

$X$ is quasi-compact,

$X$ is quasi-separated, and

$H^1(X, \mathcal{I}) = 0$ for every quasi-coherent sheaf of ideals $\mathcal{I}$ of finite type.

Then $X$ is affine.

** Serre's criterion for affineness. **

[Serre-criterion], [II, Theorem 5.2.1, EGA]

Lemma 30.3.2. Let $X$ be a scheme. Assume that

$X$ is quasi-compact,

$X$ is quasi-separated, and

$H^1(X, \mathcal{I}) = 0$ for every quasi-coherent sheaf of ideals $\mathcal{I}$ of finite type.

Then $X$ is affine.

**Proof.**
By Properties, Lemma 28.22.3 every quasi-coherent sheaf of ideals is a directed colimit of quasi-coherent sheaves of ideals of finite type. By Cohomology, Lemma 20.19.1 taking cohomology on $X$ commutes with directed colimits. Hence we see that $H^1(X, \mathcal{I}) = 0$ for every quasi-coherent sheaf of ideals on $X$. In other words we see that Lemma 30.3.1 applies.
$\square$

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