Lemma 99.10.3. Let $\mathcal{X}$, $\mathcal{Y}$ be algebraic stacks. Let $\mathcal{Z} \subset \mathcal{X}$ be a closed substack Assume $\mathcal{Y}$ is reduced. A morphism $f : \mathcal{Y} \to \mathcal{X}$ factors through $\mathcal{Z}$ if and only if $f(|\mathcal{Y}|) \subset |\mathcal{Z}|$.

**Proof.**
Assume $f(|\mathcal{Y}|) \subset |\mathcal{Z}|$. Consider $\mathcal{Y} \times _\mathcal {X} \mathcal{Z} \to \mathcal{Y}$. There is an equivalence $\mathcal{Y} \times _\mathcal {X} \mathcal{Z} \to \mathcal{Y}'$ where $\mathcal{Y}'$ is a closed substack of $\mathcal{Y}$, see Lemmas 99.9.2 and 99.9.10. Using Lemmas 99.4.3, 99.8.5, and 99.9.5 we see that $|\mathcal{Y}'| = |\mathcal{Y}|$. Hence we have reduced the lemma to Lemma 99.10.2.
$\square$

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