Lemma 15.34.1 (Cartier equality). Let $K/k$ be a finitely generated field extension. Then $\Omega _{K/k}$ and $H_1(L_{K/k})$ are finite dimensional and $\text{trdeg}_ k(K) = \dim _ K \Omega _{K/k} - \dim _ K H_1(L_{K/k})$.

**Proof.**
We can find a global complete intersection $A = k[x_1, \ldots , x_ n]/(f_1, \ldots , f_ c)$ over $k$ such that $K$ is isomorphic to the fraction field of $A$, see Algebra, Lemma 10.157.11 and its proof. In this case we see that $\mathop{N\! L}\nolimits _{K/k}$ is homotopy equivalent to the complex

by Algebra, Lemmas 10.134.2 and 10.134.13. The transcendence degree of $K$ over $k$ is the dimension of $A$ (by Algebra, Lemma 10.116.1) which is $n - c$ and we win. $\square$

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