Lemma 71.7.7. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $X$ be an algebraic space over $S$. Let $\mathcal{L}$ be an invertible $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module. Let $s \in \Gamma (X, \mathcal{L})$.

Consider closed immersions $i : Z \to X$ such that $i^*s \in \Gamma (Z, i^*\mathcal{L}))$ is zero ordered by inclusion. The zero scheme $Z(s)$ is the maximal element of this ordered set.

For any morphism of algebraic spaces $f : Y \to X$ over $S$ we have $f^*s = 0$ in $\Gamma (Y, f^*\mathcal{L})$ if and only if $f$ factors through $Z(s)$.

The zero scheme $Z(s)$ is a locally principal closed subspace of $X$.

The zero scheme $Z(s)$ is an effective Cartier divisor on $X$ if and only if $s$ is a regular section of $\mathcal{L}$.

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