The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 54.54.3. Consider a cartesian square

\[ \xymatrix{ X' \ar[r]_{g'} \ar[d]_{f'} & X \ar[d]^ f \\ Y' \ar[r]^ g & Y } \]

of schemes with $f$ a finite morphism. For any sheaf of sets $\mathcal{F}$ on $X_{\acute{e}tale}$ we have $f'_*(g')^{-1}\mathcal{F} = g^{-1}f_*\mathcal{F}$.

Proof. In great generality there is a pullback map $g^{-1}f_*\mathcal{F} \to f'_*(g')^{-1}\mathcal{F}$, see Sites, Section 7.45. It suffices to check on stalks (Theorem 54.29.10). Let $\overline{y}' : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to Y'$ be a geometric point. We have

\begin{align*} (f'_*(g')^{-1}\mathcal{F})_{\overline{y}'} & = \prod \nolimits _{\overline{x}' : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X',\ f' \circ \overline{x}' = \overline{y}'} ((g')^{-1}\mathcal{F})_{\overline{x}'} \\ & = \prod \nolimits _{\overline{x}' : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X',\ f' \circ \overline{x}' = \overline{y}'} \mathcal{F}_{g' \circ \overline{x}'} \\ & = \prod \nolimits _{\overline{x} : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X,\ f \circ \overline{x} = g \circ \overline{y}'} \mathcal{F}_{\overline{x}} \\ & = (f_*\mathcal{F})_{g \circ \overline{y}'} \\ & = (g^{-1}f_*\mathcal{F})_{\overline{y}'} \end{align*}

The first equality by Proposition 54.54.2. The second equality by Lemma 54.36.2. The third equality holds because the diagram is a cartesian square and hence the map

\[ \{ \overline{x}' : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X',\ f' \circ \overline{x}' = \overline{y}'\} \longrightarrow \{ \overline{x} : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X,\ f \circ \overline{x} = g \circ \overline{y}'\} \]

sending $\overline{x}'$ to $g' \circ \overline{x}'$ is a bijection. The fourth equality by Proposition 54.54.2. The fifth equality by Lemma 54.36.2. $\square$


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