The Stacks project

Lemma 15.71.5. Let $R$ be a ring. Given complexes $K^\bullet , L^\bullet $ of $R$-modules there is a canonical morphism

\[ K^\bullet \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^\bullet (L^\bullet , \text{Tot}(K^\bullet \otimes _ R L^\bullet )) \]

of complexes of $R$-modules functorial in both complexes.

Proof. Via the discussion in Remark 15.71.2 the existence of such a canonical map follows from Categories, Remark 4.43.12. We also give a direct construction.

Let $\alpha $ be an element of degree $n$ of the right hand side. Thus

\[ \alpha = (\alpha ^{p, q}) \in \prod \nolimits _{p + q = n} \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ R(L^{-q}, \text{Tot}^ p(K^\bullet \otimes _ R L^\bullet )) \]

Each $\alpha ^{p, q}$ is an element

\[ \alpha ^{p, q} = (\alpha ^{r, s, q}) \in \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ R(L^{-q}, \bigoplus \nolimits _{r + s + q = n} K^ r \otimes _ R L^ s) \]

where we think of $\alpha ^{r, s, q}$ as a family of maps such that for every $x \in L^{-q}$ only a finite number of $\alpha ^{r, s, q}(x)$ are nonzero. By our sign rules we get

\begin{align*} \text{d}(\alpha ^{r, s, q}) & = \text{d}_{\text{Tot}(K^\bullet \otimes _ R L^\bullet )} \circ \alpha ^{r, s, q} - (-1)^ n \alpha ^{r, s, q} \circ \text{d}_ L \\ & = \text{d}_ K \circ \alpha ^{r, s, q} + (-1)^ r \text{d}_ L \circ \alpha ^{r, s, q} - (-1)^ n \alpha ^{r, s, q} \circ \text{d}_ L \end{align*}

Now an element $\beta \in K^ n$ we send to $\alpha $ with $\alpha ^{n, -q, q} = \beta \otimes \text{id}_{L^{-q}}$ and $\alpha ^{r, s, q} = 0$ if $r \not= n$. This is indeed an element as above, as for fixed $q$ there is only one nonzero $\alpha ^{r, s, q}$. The description of the differential shows this is compatible with differentials. $\square$

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