The Stacks project

Lemma 15.67.2. Let $R$ be a ring. Given complexes $K^\bullet , L^\bullet , M^\bullet $ of $R$-modules there is a canonical morphism

\[ \text{Tot}\left( \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^\bullet (L^\bullet , M^\bullet ) \otimes _ R \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^\bullet (K^\bullet , L^\bullet ) \right) \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^\bullet (K^\bullet , M^\bullet ) \]

of complexes of $R$-modules.

Proof. An element $\alpha $ of degree $n$ of the left hand side is

\[ \alpha = (\alpha ^{p, q}) \in \bigoplus \nolimits _{p + q = n} \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^ p(L^\bullet , M^\bullet ) \otimes _ R \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^ q(K^\bullet , L^\bullet ) \]

The element $\alpha ^{p, q}$ is a finite sum $\alpha ^{p, q} = \sum \beta ^ p_ i \otimes \gamma ^ q_ i$ with

\[ \beta ^ p_ i = (\beta ^{r, s}_ i) \in \prod \nolimits _{r + s = p} \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ R(L^{-s}, M^ r) \]

and

\[ \gamma ^ q_ i = (\gamma ^{u, v}_ i) \in \prod \nolimits _{u + v = q} \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ R(K^{-v}, L^ u) \]

The map is given by sending $\alpha $ to $\delta = (\delta ^{r, v})$ with

\[ \delta ^{r, v} = \sum \nolimits _{i, s} \beta ^{r, s}_ i \circ \gamma ^{-s, v}_ i \in \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ R(K^{-v}, M^ r) \]

For given $r + v = n$ this sum is finite as there are only finitely many nonzero $\alpha ^{p, q}$, hence only finitely many nonzero $\beta ^ p_ i$ and $\gamma ^ q_ i$. By our sign rules we have

\begin{align*} \text{d}(\alpha ^{p, q}) & = \text{d}_{\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^\bullet (L^\bullet , M^\bullet )}(\alpha ^{p, q}) + (-1)^ p \text{d}_{\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits ^\bullet (K^\bullet , L^\bullet )}(\alpha ^{p, q}) \\ & = \sum \Big( \text{d}_ M \circ \beta ^ p_ i \circ \gamma ^ q_ i - (-1)^ p \beta ^ p_ i \circ \text{d}_ L \circ \gamma ^ q_ i \Big) \\ & \quad + (-1)^ p \sum \Big( \beta ^ p_ i \circ \text{d}_ L \circ \gamma ^ q_ i - (-1)^ q \beta ^ p_ i \circ \gamma ^ q_ i \circ \text{d}_ K \Big) \\ & = \sum \Big( \text{d}_ M \circ \beta ^ p_ i \circ \gamma ^ q_ i -(-1)^ n \beta ^ p_ i \circ \gamma ^ q_ i \circ \text{d}_ K \Big) \end{align*}

It follows that the rules $\alpha \mapsto \delta $ is compatible with differentials and the lemma is proved. $\square$


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