Lemma 66.14.5. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $X$ be an algebraic space over $S$. Let $Z, Y \subset X$ be closed subspaces. Let $Z \cap Y$ be the scheme theoretic intersection of $Z$ and $Y$. Then $Z \cap Y \to Z$ and $Z \cap Y \to Y$ are closed immersions and

\[ \xymatrix{ Z \cap Y \ar[r] \ar[d] & Z \ar[d] \\ Y \ar[r] & X } \]

is a cartesian diagram of algebraic spaces over $S$, i.e., $Z \cap Y = Z \times _ X Y$.

**Proof.**
The morphisms $Z \cap Y \to Z$ and $Z \cap Y \to Y$ are closed immersions by Lemma 66.13.1. Since formation of the scheme theoretic intersection commutes with étale localization we conclude the diagram is cartesian by the case of schemes. See Morphisms, Lemma 29.4.5.
$\square$

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