Lemma 29.6.1. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. There exists a closed subscheme $Z \subset Y$ such that $f$ factors through $Z$ and such that for any other closed subscheme $Z' \subset Y$ such that $f$ factors through $Z'$ we have $Z \subset Z'$.

**Proof.**
Let $\mathcal{I} = \mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(\mathcal{O}_ Y \to f_*\mathcal{O}_ X)$. If $\mathcal{I}$ is quasi-coherent then we just take $Z$ to be the closed subscheme determined by $\mathcal{I}$, see Lemma 29.2.3. This works by Schemes, Lemma 26.4.6. In general the same lemma requires us to show that there exists a largest quasi-coherent sheaf of ideals $\mathcal{I}'$ contained in $\mathcal{I}$. This follows from Lemma 29.4.2.
$\square$

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