Lemma 66.3.5. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $X$ be an algebraic space over $S$. Consider a commutative diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ U \ar[rd]_ g \ar[rr]_ f & & V \ar[ld]^ h \\ & X & } \]

where $U$ and $V$ are schemes. If $g$ has universally bounded fibres, and $f$ is surjective and flat, then also $h$ has universally bounded fibres.

**Proof.**
Assume $g$ has universally bounded fibres, and $f$ is surjective and flat. Say $n \geq 0$ is an integer which bounds the degrees of the schemes $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \times _ X U$ as in Definition 66.3.1. We claim $n$ also works for $h$. Let $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X$ be a morphism from the spectrum of a field to $X$. Consider the morphism of schemes

\[ \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \times _ X V \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \times _ X U \]

It is flat and surjective. By assumption the scheme on the left is finite of degree $\leq n$ over $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k)$. It follows from Morphisms, Lemma 29.55.11 that the degree of the scheme on the right is also bounded by $n$ as desired.
$\square$

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