
Lemma 13.18.9. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. Assume $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives. For any short exact sequence $0 \to A^\bullet \to B^\bullet \to C^\bullet \to 0$ of $\text{Comp}^{+}(\mathcal{A})$ there exists a commutative diagram in $\text{Comp}^{+}(\mathcal{A})$

$\xymatrix{ 0 \ar[r] & A^\bullet \ar[r] \ar[d] & B^\bullet \ar[r] \ar[d] & C^\bullet \ar[r] \ar[d] & 0 \\ 0 \ar[r] & I_1^\bullet \ar[r] & I_2^\bullet \ar[r] & I_3^\bullet \ar[r] & 0 }$

where the vertical arrows are injective resolutions and the rows are short exact sequences of complexes. In fact, given any injective resolution $A^\bullet \to I^\bullet$ we may assume $I_1^\bullet = I^\bullet$.

Proof. Step 1. Choose an injective resolution $A^\bullet \to I^\bullet$ (see Lemma 13.18.3) or use the given one. Recall that $\text{Comp}^{+}(\mathcal{A})$ is an abelian category, see Homology, Lemma 12.12.9. Hence we may form the pushout along the injective map $A^\bullet \to I^\bullet$ to get

$\xymatrix{ 0 \ar[r] & A^\bullet \ar[r] \ar[d] & B^\bullet \ar[r] \ar[d] & C^\bullet \ar[r] \ar[d] & 0 \\ 0 \ar[r] & I^\bullet \ar[r] & E^\bullet \ar[r] & C^\bullet \ar[r] & 0 }$

Note that the lower short exact sequence is termwise split, see Homology, Lemma 12.24.2. Hence it suffices to prove the lemma when $0 \to A^\bullet \to B^\bullet \to C^\bullet \to 0$ is termwise split.

Step 2. Choose splittings. In other words, write $B^ n = A^ n \oplus C^ n$. Denote $\delta : C^\bullet \to A^\bullet [1]$ the morphism as in Homology, Lemma 12.13.10. Choose injective resolutions $f_1 : A^\bullet \to I_1^\bullet$ and $f_3 : C^\bullet \to I_3^\bullet$. (If $A^\bullet$ is a complex of injectives, then use $I_1^\bullet = A^\bullet$.) We may assume $f_3$ is injective in every degree. By Lemma 13.18.6 we may find a morphism $\delta ' : I_3^\bullet \to I_1^\bullet [1]$ such that $\delta ' \circ f_3 = f_1[1] \circ \delta$ (equality of morphisms of complexes). Set $I_2^ n = I_1^ n \oplus I_3^ n$. Define

$d_{I_2}^ n = \left( \begin{matrix} d_{I_1}^ n & (\delta ')^ n \\ 0 & d_{I_3}^ n \end{matrix} \right)$

and define the maps $B^ n \to I_2^ n$ to be given as the sum of the maps $A^ n \to I_1^ n$ and $C^ n \to I_3^ n$. Everything is clear. $\square$

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