## Tag `080T`

Chapter 10: Commutative Algebra > Section 10.40: Going up and going down

Lemma 10.40.12. Let $R \to S$ be a ring map. Let $N$ be a finite $S$-module flat over $R$. Endow $\text{Supp}(N) \subset \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(S)$ with the induced topology. Then generalizations lift along $\text{Supp}(N) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R)$.

Proof.The meaning of the statement is as follows. Let $\mathfrak p \subset \mathfrak p' \subset R$ be primes. Let $\mathfrak q' \subset S$ be a prime $\mathfrak q' \in \text{Supp}(N)$ Then there exists a prime $\mathfrak q \subset \mathfrak q'$, $\mathfrak q \in \text{Supp}(N)$ lying over $\mathfrak p$. As $N$ is flat over $R$ we see that $N_{\mathfrak q'}$ is flat over $R_{\mathfrak p'}$, see Lemma 10.38.19. As $N_{\mathfrak q'}$ is finite over $S_{\mathfrak q'}$ and not zero since $\mathfrak q' \in \text{Supp}(N)$ we see that $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{S_{\mathfrak q'}} \kappa(\mathfrak q')$ is nonzero by Nakayama's Lemma 10.19.1. Thus $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p')$ is also not zero. We conclude from Lemma 10.38.15 that $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)$ is nonzero. Let $J \subset S_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)$ be the annihilator of the finite nonzero module $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)$. Since $J$ is a proper ideal we can choose a prime $\mathfrak q \subset S$ which corresponds to a prime of $S_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)/J$. This prime is in the support of $N$, lies over $\mathfrak p$, and is contained in $\mathfrak q'$ as desired. $\square$

The code snippet corresponding to this tag is a part of the file `algebra.tex` and is located in lines 9506–9511 (see updates for more information).

```
\begin{lemma}
\label{lemma-going-down-flat-module}
Let $R \to S$ be a ring map. Let $N$ be a finite $S$-module flat over $R$.
Endow $\text{Supp}(N) \subset \Spec(S)$ with the induced topology.
Then generalizations lift along $\text{Supp}(N) \to \Spec(R)$.
\end{lemma}
\begin{proof}
The meaning of the statement is as follows. Let
$\mathfrak p \subset \mathfrak p' \subset R$ be primes. Let
$\mathfrak q' \subset S$ be a prime $\mathfrak q' \in \text{Supp}(N)$
Then there exists a prime $\mathfrak q \subset \mathfrak q'$,
$\mathfrak q \in \text{Supp}(N)$ lying over $\mathfrak p$.
As $N$ is flat over $R$ we see that $N_{\mathfrak q'}$ is flat
over $R_{\mathfrak p'}$, see Lemma \ref{lemma-flat-localization}.
As $N_{\mathfrak q'}$ is finite over $S_{\mathfrak q'}$
and not zero since $\mathfrak q' \in \text{Supp}(N)$ we see
that $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{S_{\mathfrak q'}} \kappa(\mathfrak q')$
is nonzero by Nakayama's Lemma \ref{lemma-NAK}.
Thus $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p')$
is also not zero. We conclude from Lemma \ref{lemma-ff}
that $N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)$
is nonzero. Let
$J \subset S_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)$
be the annihilator of the finite nonzero module
$N_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)$.
Since $J$ is a proper ideal we can choose a prime $\mathfrak q \subset S$
which corresponds to a prime of
$S_{\mathfrak q'} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak p'}} \kappa(\mathfrak p)/J$.
This prime is in the support of $N$, lies over $\mathfrak p$, and
is contained in $\mathfrak q'$ as desired.
\end{proof}
```

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