Lemma 15.102.1. Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring. Let $I \subset A$ be an ideal. Let $K \in D(A)$ be pseudo-coherent. Let $a \in \mathbf{Z}$. Assume that for every finite $A$-module $M$ the modules $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, M)$ are $I$-power torsion for $i \geq a$. Then for $i \geq a$ and $M$ finite the system $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, M/I^ nM)$ is essentially constant with value

## 15.102 Miscellany

Some results which do not fit anywhere else.

**Proof.**
Let $M$ be a finite $A$-module. Since $K$ is pseudo-coherent we see that $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, M)$ is a finite $A$-module. Thus for $i \geq a$ it is annihilated by $I^ t$ for some $t \geq 0$. By Lemma 15.101.4 we see that the image of $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, I^ nM) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, M)$ is zero for some $n > 0$. The short exact sequence $0 \to I^ nM \to M \to M/I^ n M \to 0$ gives a long exact sequence

The systems $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, I^ nM)$ and $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^{i + 1}_ A(K, I^ nM)$ are essentially constant with value $0$ by what we just said (applied to the finite $A$-modules $I^ mM$). A diagram chase shows $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, M/I^ nM)$ is essentially constant with value $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^ i_ A(K, M)$. $\square$

Lemma 15.102.2. Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring. Let $I \subset A$ be an ideal. Let $M$ be a finite $A$-module. Let $N$ be an $A$-module annihilated by $I$. There exists an integer $n > 0$ such that $\text{Tor}^ A_ p(I^ nM, N) \to \text{Tor}^ A_ p(M, N)$ is zero for all $p \geq 0$.

**Proof.**
By Lemma 15.101.7 we can factor $I^ nM \to M$ as $I^ nM \to M \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} I \to M$. We claim the composition

is zero. Namely, the diagram

commutes (details omitted) and the map $I \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} N \to N$ is zero as $N$ is annihilated by $I$. $\square$

Lemma 15.102.3. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $K \in D(R)$ be pseudo-coherent. Let $(M_ n)$ be an inverse system of $R$-modules. Then $R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K \otimes _ R^\mathbf {L} M_ n = K \otimes _ R^\mathbf {L} R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits M_ n$.

**Proof.**
Consider the defining distinguished triangle

and apply Lemma 15.65.5. $\square$

Lemma 15.102.4. Let $R$ be a Noetherian local ring. Let $I \subset R$ be an ideal and let $E$ be a nonzero module over $R/I$. If $R/I$ has finite projective dimension and $E$ has finite projective dimension over $R/I$, then $E$ has finite projective dimension over $R$ and

**Proof.**
We will use that, for a finite module, having finite projective dimension over $R$, resp. $R/I$ is the same as being a perfect module, see discussion following Definition 15.74.1. We see that $E$ has finite projective dimension over $R$ by Lemma 15.74.7. Thus we can apply Auslander-Buchsbaum (Algebra, Proposition 10.111.1) to see that

and

Note that in the first equation we take the depth of $E$ as an $R$-module and in the second as an $R/I$-module. However these depths are the same (this is trivial but also follows from Algebra, Lemma 10.72.11). This concludes the proof. $\square$

Lemma 15.102.5. Let $A \to B$ be a ring map. There exists a cardinal $\kappa = \kappa (A \to B)$ with the following property: Let $M^\bullet $, resp. $N^\bullet $ be a complex of $A$-modules, resp. $B$-modules. Let $a : M^\bullet \to N^\bullet $ be a map of complexes of $A$-modules which induces an isomorphism $M^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B \to N^\bullet $ in $D(B)$. Let $M_1^\bullet \subset M^\bullet $, resp. $N_1^\bullet \subset N^\bullet $ be a subcomplex of $A$-modules, resp. $B$-modules such that $a(M_1^\bullet ) \subset N_1^\bullet $. Then there exist subcomplexes

such that $a(M_2^\bullet ) \subset N_2^\bullet $ with the following properties:

$\mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(H^ i(M_1^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B) \to H^ i(N_1^\bullet ))$ maps to zero in $H^ i(M_2^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B)$,

$\mathop{\mathrm{Im}}(H^ i(N_1^\bullet ) \to H^ i(N_2^\bullet ))$ is contained in $\mathop{\mathrm{Im}}(H^ i(M_2^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B) \to H^2(N_2^\bullet ))$,

$|\bigcup M_2^ i \cup \bigcup N_2^ i| \leq \max (\kappa , |\bigcup M_1^ i \cup \bigcup N_1^ i|)$.

**Proof.**
Let $\kappa = \max (|A|, |B|, \aleph _0)$. Set $|M^\bullet | = |\bigcup M^ i|$ and similarly for other complexes. With this notation we have

for the quantity used in the statement of the lemma. We are going to use this and other observations coming from arithmetic of cardinals without further mention.

First, let us show that there are plenty of “small” subcomplexes. For every pair of collections $E = \{ E^ i\} $ and $F = \{ F^ i\} $ of finite subsets $E^ i \subset M^ i$, $i \in \mathbf{Z}$ and $F^ i \subset N^ i$, $i \in \mathbf{Z}$ we can let

be the smallest subcomplexes of $A$ and $B$-modules such that $a(M_1(E, F)^\bullet ) \subset N_1(E, F)^\bullet $ and such that $E^ i \subset M_1(E, F)^ i$ and $F^ i \subset M_2(E, F)^ i$. Then it is easy to see that

Details omitted. It is clear that we have

and the colimits are (termwise) filtered colimits.

There exists a resolution $\ldots \to F^{-1} \to F^0 \to B$ by free $A$-modules $F_ i$ with $|F_ i| \leq \kappa $ (details omitted). The cohomology modules of $M_1^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B$ are computed by $\text{Tot}(M_1^\bullet \otimes _ A F^\bullet )$. It follows that $|H^ i(M_1^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B)| \leq \max (\kappa , |M_1^\bullet |)$.

Let $i \in \mathbf{Z}$ and let $\xi \in H^ i(M_1^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B)$ be an element which maps to zero in $H^ i(N_1^\bullet )$. Then $\xi $ maps to zero in $H^ i(N^\bullet )$ and hence $\xi $ maps to zero in $H^ i(M^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B)$. Since derived tensor product commutes with filtered colimits, we can find finite collections $E_\xi $ and $F_\xi $ as above such that $\xi $ maps to zero in $H^ i(M_1(E_\xi , F_\xi )^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B)$.

Let $i \in \mathbf{Z}$ and let $\eta \in H^ i(N_1^\bullet )$. Then the image of $\eta $ in $H^ i(N^\bullet )$ is in the image of $H^ i(M^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B) \to H^ i(N^\bullet )$. Hence as before, we can find finite collections $E_\eta $ and $F_\eta $ as above such that $\eta $ maps to an element of $H^ i(N_1(E_\eta , F_\eta )$ which is in the image of the map $H^ i(M_1(E_\eta , F_\eta )^\bullet \otimes _ A^\mathbf {L} B) \to H^ i(N_1(E_\eta , F_\eta )$.

Now we simply define

where the sum is over $\xi $ and $\eta $ as in the previous two paragraphs and the sum is taken inside $M^\bullet $. Similiarly we set

where the sum is taken inside $N^\bullet $. By construction we will have properties (1) and (2) with these choices. The bound (3) also follows as the set of $\xi $ and $\eta $ has cardinality at most $\max (\kappa , |M_1^\bullet |, |N_1^\bullet |)$. $\square$

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