The Stacks project

Lemma 91.26.3. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of algebraic spaces over $S$. Assume $X$ and $Y$ representable by schemes $X_0$ and $Y_0$. Then there is a canonical identification $L_{X/Y} = \epsilon ^*L_{X_0/Y_0}$ in $D(\mathcal{O}_ X)$ where $\epsilon $ is as in Derived Categories of Spaces, Section 74.4 and $L_{X_0/Y_0}$ is as in Definition 91.24.1.

Proof. Let $f_0 : X_0 \to Y_0$ be the morphism of schemes corresponding to $f$. There is a canonical map $\epsilon ^{-1}f_0^{-1}\mathcal{O}_{Y_0} \to f_{small}^{-1}\mathcal{O}_ Y$ compatible with $\epsilon ^\sharp : \epsilon ^{-1}\mathcal{O}_{X_0} \to \mathcal{O}_ X$ because there is a commutative diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ X_{0, Zar} \ar[d]_{f_0} & X_{\acute{e}tale}\ar[l]^\epsilon \ar[d]^ f \\ Y_{0, Zar} & Y_{\acute{e}tale}\ar[l]_\epsilon } \]

see Derived Categories of Spaces, Remark 74.6.3. Thus we obtain a canonical map

\[ \epsilon ^{-1}L_{X_0/Y_0} = \epsilon ^{-1}L_{\mathcal{O}_{X_0}/f_0^{-1}\mathcal{O}_{Y_0}} = L_{\epsilon ^{-1}\mathcal{O}_{X_0}/\epsilon ^{-1}f_0^{-1}\mathcal{O}_{Y_0}} \longrightarrow L_{\mathcal{O}_ X/f^{-1}_{small}\mathcal{O}_ Y} = L_{X/Y} \]

by the functoriality discussed in Section 91.18 and Lemma 91.18.3. To see that the induced map $\epsilon ^*L_{X_0/Y_0} \to L_{X/Y}$ is an isomorphism we may check on stalks at geometric points (Properties of Spaces, Theorem 65.19.12). We will use Lemma 91.18.9 to compute the stalks. Let $\overline{x} : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to X_0$ be a geometric point lying over $x \in X_0$, with $\overline{y} = f \circ \overline{x}$ lying over $y \in Y_0$. Then

\[ L_{X/Y, \overline{x}} = L_{\mathcal{O}_{X, \overline{x}}/\mathcal{O}_{Y, \overline{y}}} \]


\[ (\epsilon ^*L_{X_0/Y_0})_{\overline{x}} = L_{X_0/Y_0, x} \otimes _{\mathcal{O}_{X_0, x}} \mathcal{O}_{X, \overline{x}} = L_{\mathcal{O}_{X_0, x}/\mathcal{O}_{Y_0, y}} \otimes _{\mathcal{O}_{X_0, x}} \mathcal{O}_{X, \overline{x}} \]

Some details omitted (hint: use that the stalk of a pullback is the stalk at the image point, see Sites, Lemma 7.34.2, as well as the corresponding result for modules, see Modules on Sites, Lemma 18.36.4). Observe that $\mathcal{O}_{X, \overline{x}}$ is the strict henselization of $\mathcal{O}_{X_0, x}$ and similarly for $\mathcal{O}_{Y, \overline{y}}$ (Properties of Spaces, Lemma 65.22.1). Thus the result follows from Lemma 91.8.7. $\square$

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